Ants

Appearance: Ants have a distinctive appearance; they have elbow-jointed antenna, and a distinctive node-like structure that forms a slender waist Size: Ants vary greatly in size depending on the species and the caste.. Infestation Locations: Ants live all over the world and in most type ofclimates. It is estimated that ants make up 15-25% of the land animal biomass. Only certain isolated islands and Antarctica are free from these insects. Risks: The bite and the sting of an ant can be painful, highly irritating, and depending on the species, can be toxic. Invasive species of ants can be damaging to the invaded environment. When ants invade structures they can cause damage to the structures and contaminate food stores.

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Cockroaches

Appearance: Small to medium insects with shiny wings that form a hard shell, and spiny legs. Broad flat bodies with small heads and long antenna are also characteristic of the cockroach. Size: The American cockroach is about 1.2 inches long. Infestation Locations: The pest species of cockroaches prefer warm dark locations inside buildings. Risks: cockroaches leave chemical trails in their feces that’s attractive to harmful bacteria. It should also be noted that cockroaches passively carry pathogens on their bodies. As they crawl the harmful pathogens contaminate the surfaces they touch.

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Hornets & Wasps

Appearance: The wasp is medium sized flying insect that is found all around the world. The wasp is known for its black and yellow markings which means that some wasp and bee species are commonly confused.
Size: Generally around 2/3 – 1 inch long.
Infestation Locations: Wasps can build nests on homes, under soffits, behind sidings or window shutters and just about anyplace which provides some type of shelter from the elements. These nests are usually small in size and population. Many times wasp nests are in cracks of wood and cannot be seen. Here the wasp will nest in between siding, insulation and any other void they can find underneath soffits, around gutters and windows. Wasps will readily fly toward sweat, perfume, food, flowers, dead insects and other things commonly found around the home. In fact, wasps can become quite a pest – even if you are just trying to sit out on your deck or around the pool.
Risks: The wasp is most commonly known for its poisonous sting, that if a human is stung can often swell into a painful lump that takes a few days to soothe. Some people are allergic to wasp stings meaning the wasp sting can be fatal.

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Rodents

Appearance: Medium sized rodents usually brown or black, with a long tail.
Size: The size varies, but rats are rarely more than 1.1 pounds in the wild.
Infestation Locations: Rats are considered commensals with humans. They live off of our food and waste. They can be found all over the world living alongside their human hosts. Some of the places to look for rats include: around pipes, and around trash cans.
Risks: Property damage, food contamination, and the centers for disease control have identified nearly a dozen different diseases associated with rats.

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Termites

Appearance: Termites look a lot like little white ants. In fact in Australia they are often called white ants.
Size: Termite size depends on the caste the termite belongs to. The workers are the most common are the smallest. Soldiers are larger and usually red headed the breading pair/ pairs of the colony tend to be the biggest the queen is by far the largest.
Infestation Locations: Termites eat cellulose and live in places where they have access to cellulose. Wood is the most common source of cellulose. Indications of infestation include droppings, shelter tubes, and wood damage. A common source of termite infestation is: unremoved tree stumps. Termites live in and feed on the stump then migrate into nearby structures.
Risks: Damage to unprotected wooden structures. This damage can result in structural instability, and had resulted in billions of dollars in damages annually in the United States.

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Bed Bugs

Appearance: Oval shaped and reddish brown in color
Size: Approximately ¼ inch
Infestation Locations: Bed bugs are parasites however they are only in contact with their hosts only while feeding. Most of the time, they hide in a place close to where they can find a known host. These placing include blankets, toys, electrical outlets, dressers, clothes, and of course beds.
Risks: Skin rashes, painful bites, and allergic symptoms.

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Fleas

Appearance: Small midge-like flies. Size: less than 16mm. Infestation Locations: These pests are airborne, so no space is completely safe from these pests. However, areas with stagnant water and heavy vegetation are particularly prone to infestation. Risks: Primary risks are painful, itchy bites. However, mosquitos are known vectors for dangerous diseases, including West Nile Virus.

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Mosquitoes

Appearance: Small midge-like flies.
Size: Less than 16mm.
Infestation Locations: These pests are airborne, so no space is completely safe from these pests. However, areas with stagnant water and heavy vegetation are particularly prone to infestation.
Risks: Primary risks are painful, itchy bites. However, mosquitos are known vectors for dangerous diseases, including West Nile Virus.

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Spiders

Appearance: Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. They are the largest order of arachnids and rank seventh in total species diversity among all other orders of organisms. Size: Spiders occur in a large range of sizes. The smallest are less than 0.37 mm (0.015 in) in body length. The largest and heaviest spiders occur among tarantulas, which can have body lengths up to 90 mm (3.5 in) and leg spans up to 250 mm (9.8 in). Infestation Locations: Spiders are found worldwide on every continent except for Antarctica, and have become established in nearly every habitat with the exception of air and sea colonization. They usually choose spots that are dark and dry. They spin webs to catch food. They can live indoors or outdoors. They will live in trees, wet areas, dry areas, under the ground, or basically anywhere they want. Risks: Although spiders are widely feared, only a few species are dangerous to people. Most spiders will only bite humans in self-defense, and few produce worse effects than a mosquito bite or bee-sting. Most of those with medically serious bites, such as recluse spiders and widow spiders, are shy and bite only when they feel threatened, although this can easily arise by accident.

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Ticks

Appearance: ticks are small flat arachnids. Adult ticks have eight legs. They are often very small and can be a challenge to see. Size: Ticks range in size from small to absurdly tiny depending on species. Infestation Locations: Ticks are widely disbursed around the world. They tend to prefer warm humid climates or microclimates close to their hosts. Certain microclimate features are a good indicator of a high tick population. These are, sandy soil, hardwood trees, rivers and the presence of dear. Risks: The risks associated with ticks are high. Ticks are associated with the spread of several dangerous diseases such as: Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and Colorado Tick fever just to name a few. Because a tick lives on blood, when a tick bites it can inject the pathogens directly into the blood of the host.

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